There are around 50 fish species in the Danube and its tributaries in the area of the National park Djerdap, which shows the richness and diversity of the fish population.
The construction of the hydroelectric power plants “Djerdap 1” and “Djerdap 2” on the Danube stopped the migration flows of Black Sea fish that spawned in the Danube. There was a change in the chemical composition of the water, the configuration of the ground, and the Danube was transformed from a fast river into a lake in the area of the National park. As a result, some fish species disappeared: Black Sea fish due to mechanical obstacles and others due to changed living conditions and a simultaneous explosion in the population of allochtonic species occurred; silver carp, grass carp, Prussian carp that were accidentally or deliberately introduced into the Danube.
The most important fish species are:
сatfish (Silurus glanis), zander (Stizostedion lucioperca), Volga zander (Stizostedion volgensis), sterlet, chub (Leuciscus cephalus), barbel (Barbus barbus), northern pike (Esox lucius), asp (Aspius aspius), roach, (Rutilus rutilus), blue bream (Abramis ballerus), vimba bream (Vimba vimba). In the fishing area of Djerdap there are strictly procected species and fishing is strictly forbidden. These species are carp bream (Abramis brama), the Danube streber (Zingel streber), streber (Zingel zingel) and other.
Сом (Silurus glanis)
Смуђ (Stizostedion lucioperca)
Клен (Leuciscus cephalus)
Мрена (Barbus barbus)
Штука (Esox lucius)
Буцов (Aspius aspius)
Бодорка (Ruthilus ruthilus)
Кечига (Acipenser ruthenus)
Шаран (Cyprinus carpio)
Караш (Carasius carasius)
Сунчаница (Lepomis gibbosus)
Скобаљ (Chondrostoma nasus)
Кленић (Leuciscus leuciscus)
Бандар (Perca fluviatilis)
Црвенперка (Scardinius erythrophthalamus)
The richness and diversity of the fish world of Djerdap are very important for the local population, because fishing has been the occupation of a large number of people since the earliest days, and entire families have been engaged in fishing for generations.
Fish protection service
In the Djerdap fishing area, recreational and commercial fishing is carried out in accordance with the law on protection and sustainable use of fish stock, the statutory regulations resulting from this law, the law on nature protection, rulebook on internal order in the Djerdap National park, the management program of the Djerdap fishing area and the annual management program of the fishing area Djerdap.
Supervision on the Djerdap fishing area is carried out by the public entity “National Park Djerdap” due to powers arising from the law on protection and sustainable use of fish stock.
Protection regime for the fishing waters of the Djerdap fishing area:
- The Danube is, in the entire river course through the national park “Djerdap” in the third protection category, just like most of the coastal area, while some of it is in the second protection category.
- Brnjička is, in the gorge area, according to spatial planning, under protection category I and downstream, under protection category III.
- Čezava is in the third protection category.
- The rivers Leva and Desna Dobranska are mostly under protection category III, and less under protection category II.
- Pesača is primarily in the first protection category, and in the upper course in the second protection category.
- The Velika Boljetinska and Mala Boljetinska rivers fall under protection category III. The source of the river Mala Boljetinska has been declared a special habitat for fish and all fishing is prohibited.
- The river Ratarska is in the third protection category throughout, just like one part of the Zlatica river at the source area, where a special habitat for fish is declared and all fishing is prohibited.
- The Poprečka river flows through the Djerdap National park only briefly and this part is under protection category III.
- Kašajna and Kosovica rivers fall under protection category III.
- The lake Zlatno jezero is in the second protection category.
For recreational fishermen, in the fishing waters of the Djerdap fishing area, the catfish and the perch can be interesting, regarding predatory species. Related to carp fish species, the carp, the bream and the ide can be found. Of the introduced species, the gable, the silver carp and four kinds of gobies can be found.
- Annual fishing license for commercial fishing in the Djerdap fishing area for 2021. – 80,000 RSD.
- Daily license – 1,000.00 RSD
- Weekly licence – 2.000,00 RSD
- Annual licence – 5.000,00 RSD
The area of the Djerdap National park is also the hunting area “Djerdap”, which is managed by the public entity “National Park Djerdap”.
This open hunting area, which is characterized by a multitude and diversity of hunting fauna and trophy quality, includes parts of the mountain massif Nord Kučaj, Miroč and Štrpci, which gravitate towards the Danube, and the river with a length of 100 km. Most of the hunting area is covered with forests. There are also meadows and pastures, grassy areas, lakes and water courses that are spread in the area between 60 and 600 meters above sea level. There are deer and roe deer, wild boar, chamois, rabbits, partridges, pheasants, and it is not uncommon to meet a wolf, jackal, fox, lynx or wildcat.
The Djerdap hunting area has adequate hunting and technical equipment. In the Djerdap hunting area, hunting is in line with the planning documents and everything is professionally organized with full respect for the hunting culture. In addition to the driven hunt for wild boar, wolves, jackals and foxes, raised hunt after deer and roe deer, wild boar and predators is organized as well.
Hunting licenses are issued by the hunting and fishing office of the public entity “Djerdap National Park”.
Permanently protected game species in the hunting grounds are: otters (Lutra lutra), weasels (Mustela nivalis), owls (Strigidae), eagles (Aquile), falcons (Falco), hawk species (Accipiter), except hawk (Accipiter gentilis), herons (Ardeidae) , with the exception of gray herons (Ardea cinerea), storks (Ciconia), divers (Mergus), harrier (circus) and others that are either native or occasional.
The following species are protected during the closed season: chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), European roe deer (Cervus elaphus), wild boar (Sus scrofa), rabbits (Lepus europeus), stone marten (Martes foina), pine marten (Martes martes), wolf (Canis lupus), fox (Vulpes vulpes), jackal (Canis aureus), and ferret (Putorius putorius).